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型破りな特性を持つ革新的なメタマテリアルのプロトタイプは、電気信号を利用して固体を横切るエネルギー波の方向と強度を制御します。 この革新的なメタマテリアルは、奇妙な質量密度を特徴とし、力と加速度が同じ方向に進まないため、ニュートンの第 2 法則からの逸脱を示します。 Huang氏は、レーダー波の制御や航空機の乱気流による振動の管理などの軍事および商業用途から、橋やパイプラインなどの構造物の状態監視などの民生用途まで、幅広い用途を想定している。


ミズーリ大学のGuoliang Huang教授は、電気信号を使用してエネルギー波の方向と強度を制御できるプロトタイプのメタマテリアルを開発しました。 この革新的な材料には軍事および商業分野での応用の可能性があり、橋やパイプラインの構造健全性の監視にも使用できます。

ミズーリ大学の工学部ヒューバー&ヘレン・クロフト教授のGuoliang Huang氏は、10年以上にわたり、「[{” attribute=””>metamaterials” — an artificial material that exhibits properties not commonly found in nature as defined by Newton’s laws of motion — in his long-term pursuit of designing an ideal metamaterial.

Huang’s goal is to help control the “elastic” energy waves traveling through larger structures — such as an aircraft — without light and small “metastructures.”

Prototype Metamaterial Uses Electrical Signals To Control Energy Waves

The prototype metamaterial uses electrical signals transported by these black wires to control both the direction and intensity of energy waves passing through a solid material. Credit: University of Missouri

“For many years I’ve been working on the challenge of how to use mathematical mechanics to solve engineering problems,” Huang said. “Conventional methods have many limitations, including size and weight. So, I’ve been exploring how we can find an alternative solution using a lightweight material that’s small but can still control the low-frequency vibration coming from a larger structure, like an aircraft.”

Guoliang Huang

Guoliang Huang. Credit: University of Missouri

Now, Huang’s one step closer to his goal. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) on May 18, Huang and colleagues have developed a prototype metamaterial that uses electrical signals to control both the direction and intensity of energy waves passing through a solid material.

Potential applications of his innovative design include military and commercial uses, such as controlling radar waves by directing them to scan a specific area for objects or managing vibration created by air turbulence from an aircraft in flight.

“This metamaterial has odd mass density,” Huang said. “So, the force and acceleration are not going in the same direction, thereby providing us with an unconventional way to customize the design of an object’s structural dynamics, or properties to challenge Newton’s second law.”

This is the first physical realization of odd mass density, Huang said.

“For instance, this metamaterial could be beneficial to monitor the health of civil structures such as bridges and pipelines as active transducers by helping identify any potential damage that might be hard to see with the human eye.”

Reference: “Active metamaterials for realizing odd mass density” by Qian Wu, Xianchen Xu, Honghua Qian, Shaoyun Wang, Rui Zhu, Zheng Yan, Hongbin Ma, Yangyang Chen and Guoliang Huang, 18 May 2023, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2209829120

Other MU contributors include Qian Wu, Xianchen Xu, Honghua Qian, Shaoyun Wang, Zheng Yan and Hongbin Ma. Grants from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Army Research Office funded the research.


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